structlog’s default configuration tries to be as unsurprising to new developers as possible. Some of the choices made come with an avoidable performance price tag – although its impact is debatable.

Here are a few hints how to get most out of structlog in production:

  1. Use a specific wrapper class instead of the generic one. structlog comes with ones for the Standard Library Logging and for Twisted:


    structlog also comes with native log levels that are based on the ones from the standard library (read: we’ve copy and pasted them), but don’t involve logging’s dynamic machinery. That makes them much faster. You can use structlog.make_filtering_bound_logger() to create one.

    Writing own wrapper classes is straightforward too.

  2. Avoid (frequently) calling log methods on loggers you get back from structlog.wrap_logger() and structlog.get_logger(). Since those functions are usually called in module scope and thus before you are able to configure them, they return a proxy that assembles the correct logger on demand.

    Create a local logger if you expect to log frequently without binding:

    logger = structlog.get_logger()
    def f():
       log = logger.bind()
       for i in range(1000000000):
"iterated", i=i)
  3. Set the cache_logger_on_first_use option to True so the aforementioned on-demand loggers will be assembled only once and cached for future uses:


    This has two drawbacks:

    1. Later calls of configure() don’t have any effect on already cached loggers – that shouldn’t matter outside of testing though.

    2. The resulting bound logger is not pickleable. Therefore, you can’t set this option if you e.g. plan on passing loggers around using multiprocessing.

  4. Avoid sending your log entries through the standard library if you can: its dynamic nature and flexibility make it a major bottleneck. Instead use structlog.WriteLoggerFactory or – if your serializer returns bytes (e.g. orjson) – structlog.BytesLoggerFactory.

    You can still configure logging for packages that you don’t control, but avoid it for your own log entries.

  5. Use a faster JSON serializer than the standard library. Possible alternatives are among others are orjson or RapidJSON.


Here’s an example for a production-ready non-asyncio structlog configuration that’s as fast as it gets:

import logging
import structlog

        structlog.processors.TimeStamper(fmt="iso", utc=True),

It has the following properties:

  • Caches all loggers on first use.

  • Filters all log entries below the info log level very efficiently. The debug method literally consists of return None.

  • Supports Context Variables (thread-local contexts).

  • Adds the log level name.

  • Renders exceptions.

  • Adds an ISO 8601 timestamp under the timestamp key in the UTC timezone.

  • Renders the log entries as JSON using orjson which is faster than plain logging in logging.

  • Uses structlog.BytesLoggerFactory because orjson returns bytes. That saves encoding ping-pong.

Therefore a log entry might look like this:


If you need standard library support for external projects, you can either just use a JSON formatter like python-json-logger, or pipe them through structlog as documented in Standard Library Logging.